Budget impact of rosiglitazone in type 2 diabetes

Orietta Zaniolo, Francesco Bamfi, Sergio Iannazzo

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7175/fe.v8i1.252


BACKGROUND: in type 2 diabetes, the maintenance of non-diabetic glycaemic levels has been shown to decrease the onset of long term complications and consequently their high management costs. In order to achieve and maintain normal blood glucose levels, lifestyle interventions are highly cost/effective, but require good compliance, strong motivation and efforts by the patients. For this reason, a majority of patients needs to start pharmacological therapy shortly after diagnosis. Rosiglitazone, an insulin-sensitising drug, is indicated for subjects with inadequate glycaemic control both as monotherapy, in those contraindicated to metformin, especially if overweight, and as combination therapy with metformin, sulphanilureas or both. OBJECTIVES: rosiglitazone offers clinical advantages over the alternatives, decreasing and/or postponing the need for insulin treatment. Its high acquisition cost may therefore be totally or partially offset by the reduction in future health care resources consumption, and by short-term practical advantages, such as the decrease in the need for blood glucose monitoring and of adverse events. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the use of rosiglitazone in eligible diabetic patients on the National Health System budget. METHODS: for this scope an analytic model was implemented, which pathway may be summarized as follows: a) estimate of the number type 2 diabetes patients living in Italy, grouped according to current therapeutic classes; b) estimate of the number of patients with inadequate glycaemic control for each subgroup; c) identification of patients eligible to rosiglitazone treatment; d) identification of the comparator strategy for each patient sub-group; e) comparison of costs for each couple of alternative options; f) calculation of budget impact. RESULTS: use of rosiglitazone monotherapy instead of sulphanilurea monotherapy induces a mild costs increase. Combination treatment with rosiglitazone added to metformin- or sulphanilurea- based therapies induces significant cost savings for the National Health System, related to lower resources consumption for glycaemic auto-monitoring and for hypoglycaemic events management, as compared to standard combination therapies. The hypothetical scenario in which all eligible patients are treated with rosiglitazone was estimated to induce net cost savings of about 260 millions Euro per year.


Rosiglitazone; Type 2 diabetes; Analytic model; Budget impact

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